Grammar 4: Verb Tense

Jokes1: what did you teach
Grammar 5: Verb Tense

Grammar 4: Verb Tense

verb tense:时态



He goes to school everyday.他每天上学。
He has gone to school.他已经上学去了。
He is attending evening classes in computer studies.他在夜校上电脑课。
He went school yesterday.他昨天上学去了。
He will go to school tomorrow.他明天要去上学。

Verb tense tells you when the action happens. There are three main verb tenses: present, past, and future. Each main tense is divided into simple, progressive, perfect, and perfect progressive tenses.


Simple Present 一般现在时

Simple tense:一般时态
Simple Present 一般现在时
FORM:[VERB] + s/es in third person
USE 1 Repeated Actions
Use the Simple Present to express the idea that an action is repeated or usual. The action can be a habit, a hobby, a daily event, a scheduled event or something that often happens.
Examples: 例如:
I play tennis. 我打网球 
USE 2 Facts or Generalizations
The Simple Present can also indicate the speaker believes that a fact was true before, is true now, and will be true in the future.
一般现在时也可以表明说话者认为,事实是真实的,现在是真实的,将来也会是真实的。 Examples: 例如: Cats like milk. 猫喜欢牛奶
USE 3 Scheduled Events in the Near Future
运用3, 在不久的将来预定的事情
Speakers occasionally use Simple Present to talk about scheduled events in the near future. 在不久的将来,演讲者会使用简单的演讲来谈论预定的事件。
Examples: 例如:
The train leaves tonight at 6 PM.
USE 4 Now (Non-Continuous Verbs)
Speakers sometimes use the Simple Present to express the idea that an action is happening or is not happening now.
Examples: He needs help right now.

Simple Past 一般过去式

Simple tense:一般时态
Simple Past 一般过去式
FORM: [VERB+ed] or irregular verbs
USE 1 Completed Action in the Past
Use the Simple Past to express the idea that an action started and finished at a specific time in the past.
用一般过去时来表达一个动作开始并完成的想法 具体时间在过去。
Examples: 例如:
I saw a movie yesterday.
USE 2 Duration in Past
The Simple Past can be used with a duration which starts and stops in the past.
Examples: 例如:
I lived in Brazil for two years.
USE 3 Habits in the Past
运用3 过去的习惯
The Simple Past can also be used to describe a habit which stopped in the past. It can have the same meaning as "used to."
一般过去式可以用来描述过去的习惯,他和“used to”是同一个意思
I studied French when I was a child.
USE 4 Past Facts or Generalizations
运用4 过去的事实或者概括
The Simple Past can also be used to describe past facts or generalizations which are no longer true.
Examples: 例如:
He didn't like tomatoes before.

Simple Future 一般将来时

Simple tense:一般时态
Simple Future 一般将来时
Simple Future has two different forms in English: "will" and "be going to." Although the two forms can sometimes be used interchangeably, they often express two very different meaning Both "will" and "be going to" refer to a specific time in the future.
一般将来时在英语中有2种不同形式,“will"和”be going to"即使2者之间有时可以互换使用,他们经常表达2个不同的意思,双方:will"和“be going to" 是指在未来的某一个具体的时间。
FORM Will:[will + verb]
形式:Will: ( will +动词原形)
Examples: 例如
You will help him later. 你以后会帮助他
FORM Be Going To:[am/is/are + going to + verb]
形式:Be Going To:[am/is/are + going to + 动词原形]
Examples: 例如:
You are going to meet Jane tonight.
USE 1 "Will" to Express a Voluntary Action
运用1“will"表示一个自愿的动作 "Will"
often suggests that a speaker will do something voluntarily.
USE 2 "Will" to Express a Promise
"Will" is usually used in promises.
Examples: 例如:
I will call you when I arrive. 当我到达时,我会打电话给你。
USE 3 "Be going to" to Express a Plan
运用3:"Be going to" 表达一个计划
"Be going to" expresses that something is a plan.
"Be going to" 表示某事是一个计划
I run a marathon twice a year. (present)
I ran a marathon last year. (past)
I will run a marathon next year. (future)
I eat lunch in my office.
I ate lunch an hour ago.
I will eat lunch in one hour.
I see a movie once a week.
I saw a movie yesterday.
I will see a movie tomorrow.

Exercise 练习

[Quiz 10.1] Fill in the blanks with appropriate verb forms.


1)I( ) a song at the concert yesterday.

2)He ( ) a letter to his girlfriend tomorrow.

3)I( ) to the library to borrow some books this weekend.

View answers:查看答案

View answers:查看答案
1) sang 2) will write 3) will go


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