Grammar 5: Verb Tense

Grammar 4: Verb Tense
2016年2月1日
Grammar 6: Verb Tense
2016年2月1日

Grammar 5: Verb Tense

Progressive Tense进行时

Progressive Tense进行时

The progressive tense involves action that is, was, or will be in progress at a certain time. In the progressive tense, verbs are formed with a "be" verb + ing.

进行时涉及的行动is. was 或者将在进展一定的时间,在进行时态中,动词的形式一般是“be"动词+动词的ing形式

进行时表达动作在过去某时,目前和将来某时的状态是“正在进行中”。所谓“正在进行中”,是指在某个的时候,这个动作还在进行中

Present Progressive 现在进行时

Present Progressive
现在进行时
 
USE 1 Now Use the Present Continuous with Normal Verbs to express the idea that something is happening now, at this very moment.
运用1:现在使用现在进行时的正常动词来表达现在发生的某一件事的想法,在这个非常的时刻
Examples
例如
You are learning English now.
你现在在学英语。
 
USE 2 Longer Actions in Progress Now
运用2 现在正在进行中的动作
In English, "now" can mean: this second, today, this month, this year, this century, and so on.
在英语中,”now"可以意味着:这一秒,这一天,这个月,这年,本世纪等等。
Examples:
例如
(All of these sentences can be said while eating dinner in a restaurant.) I am studying to become a doctor.
(这些句子可以在餐厅吃晚饭时说)我现在正在学习怎么成为一位医生。
 
USE 3 Near Future
运用3.不久的将来
Sometimes, speakers use the Present Continuous to indicate that something will or will not happen in the near future.
有时,说话者利用现在进行时来表示一些在不久将来将或者将不发生的事
Examples:
例如
I am meeting some friends after work.
下班后我会见一些朋友
 

Past Progressive 过去进行时

过去进行时
 
FORM [was/were + present participle]
形式 [was/were + 现在分词]
 
USE 1 Interrupted Action in the Past
运用1:过去中断的动作
Use the Past Continuous to indicate that a longer action in the past was interrupted. The interruption is usually a shorter action in the Simple Past. Remember this can be a real interruption or just an interruption in time.
用过去进行时来说明过去的一个较长的动作被打断,中断通常是在过去的一个较短的动作,记住这可能是一个实时中断,或者是一个中断的时间。
Examples:
例如
I was watching TV when she called.
她打电话的时候我在看电视
 
USE 2 Specific Time as an Interruption
运用2, 特定时间的中断
In USE 1, described above, the Past Continuous is interrupted by a shorter action in the Simple Past. However, you can also use a specific time as an interruption.
在运用1中,如上所述,过去进行的被过去的一个较短的行动打断,然而,你也可以使用一个特点的时间作为中断
Examples:
例如
Last night at 6 PM, I was eating dinner.
昨晚6点,我正在吃晚餐。
 
USE 3 Parallel Actions
运用3.平行的动作
When you use the Past Continuous with two actions in the same sentence, it expresses the idea that both actions were happening at the same time. The actions are parallel.
当你在同一个句子中用2个过去进行时,它表示这2个动作在同一时间发生的想法,这些动作是平行的。
Examples:
例如:
I was studying while he was making dinner.
他在做晚餐的时候我正在学习。
 
 

Future Continuous 将来进行时

Future Continuous 将来进行时
 
Future Continuous has two different forms: "will be doing " and "be going to be doing."
将来进行时有2种不同的形式:
 
"will be doing " and "be going to be doing."
FORM Future Continuous with "Will" [will be + present participle]
形式:将来进行时带“with" [will be +现在分词] 
Examples:
例如:
You will be waiting for her when her plane arrives tonight.
今晚,当她的飞机到达的时候,你将在等她。
 
FORM Future Continuous with "Be Going To " [am/is/are + going to be + present participle] 形式 将来进行时带"Be Going To " [am/is/are + going to be + 现在分词]
Examples:
例如:
You are going to be waiting for her when her plane arrives tonight.
当她的飞机到达时,你将在等她。
 
REMEMBER: It is possible to use either "will" or "be going to" to create the Future Continuous with little difference in meaning.
记住:这个有可能使用到 "will" 或者 "be going to"2者来创建将来进行时,意思差异不大。
 
USE 1 Interrupted Action in the Future
运用1将来中断的动作
Use the Future Continuous to indicate that a longer action in the future will be interrupted by a shorter action in the future. Remember this can be a real interruption or just an interruption in time.
使用将来进行时来表明在未来一个较长的行动将在未来的一个较短的行动中断,记住这是一个真实的中断或者只是暂时的中断。
Examples:
例如:
I will be watching TV when she arrives tonight.
我会在她今晚到达时看电视
 
USE 2 Specific Time as an Interruption in the Future
运用2:特定的时间作为将来的一个中断
In USE 1, described above, the Future Continuous is interrupted by a short action in the future. In addition to using short actions as interruptions, you can also use a specific time as an interruption.
在运用1.上面所描述的,将来进行时是由将来一个简短的动作中断。除了使用短时间动作中断,你也可以用具体的时间来作为中断
Examples:
例如: Tonight at 6 PM, I am going to be eating dinner.
今天晚上6点,我将要去吃晚饭。
 
USE 3 Parallel Actions in the Future
运用3.将来的平行的动作
When you use the Future Continuous with two actions in the same sentence, it expresses the idea that both actions will be happening at the same time. The actions are parallel.
当你在同一个句子中使用2个动作的将来进行时,它表示这2个行动将在同一个时间发生的想法,行动是平行的。
Examples:
I am going to be studying and he is going to be making dinner.
我要去学习,他要去做晚饭
 
Tonight, they will be eating dinner, discussing their plans, and having a good time.
今晚,我们将一边吃晚餐,一边讨论他们的计划,享受美好时光。
I am running a marathon right now. (present progressive)
I was running a marathon at this time last year. (past progressive)
I will be running a marathon next Sunday. (future progressive)
 
eat
I am eating lunch now.
I was eating lunch when you saw me.
I will be eating lunch in the meeting.
 
learn
I am learning English at my desk.
I was learning English the last two years.
I will be learning English then.

Exercise 练习

[Quiz 11.1] Using the following sentence and create three more sentences using the present, past, and future progressive tenses.

使用下面的句子。用现在的句子来创造三个句子,现在进行时,过去进行时,将来进行时

I sing a song on the big stage.

[Quiz 11.2]

Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the verb given.

用正确的动词形式填空

1)He (exercise) hard since last year.

2)I (study) math as my major since high school.

View Answers(看答案)

View Answers(看答案)
[11.1] I am singing a song on the big stage. I was singing a song on the big stage. I will be singing a song on the big stage. [11.2] 1) has exercised 2) have studied

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